Gum Disease Explained
Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is inflammation and infection of the gums surrounding your teeth. Generaly, Gum disease can be avoided or treated at home without a dentist by following proper dental hygiene.
However if your Gum disease has progressed too far, you might require a dentist’s help in reversing gum disease.
This is one of the top reasons for tooth loss in adults, and because it is virtually pain-free, many patients do not know they have the disease. During each regular checkup, we will check for signs of periodontal disease.
Treating Gum Disease
Treatments for gum disease can vary depending on the severity of each individual case. Typical treatments include a deep cleaning, also known as scaling and root planning, under local anesthesia, or gum surgery to halt or repair the damage.
While it is possible to have periodontal disease and not know it, some symptoms can include:
Gums that bleed easily
Red, swollen, tender gums
Gums that have pulled away from the teeth, recession
Persistent bad breath or bad taste
Pus between your teeth and gums
Permanent teeth that are loose or separating
Any change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
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Stages of Gum Disease
This is the early stage of gum disease, when the gums become red and swollen, and bleed easily.
When gingivitis is left untreated, it will advance into periodontitis. Gums infected with periodontitis can cause teeth to become loose or fall out.